Ronda is a city that, in addition to a geographical situation on the edge of a cliff at 700 meters above sea level, is known for its excellent wine. One of the most impressive monuments that can be visited in Ronda are the Mondragón Palace, with its beautiful gardens, the Palace of the Moorish King (El Palacio del Rey Moro) and its Arab Walls. You can taste its typical dishes such as rabbit cooked in the local way and fried lamb.
Ronda is located on the northeast of Malaga in Andalucia. It has 34.268 inhabitants. Its climate is warm and temperate and its annual average temperature is 14,7ºC. Practically built on the edge of a cliff, at 700 meters above the sea level, at Tajo de Ronda, which is a big crack, aproximately 100 meters deep.
The origins of Ronda go back to the Neolithic period, according to the archaeological discoveries, although, thanks to the paintings which have been found in the Cave of Pileta, the conclusion may be reached that the city might have existed since the Paleolithic era too.
Besides, in Ronda, ruins from the Roman times have been found, some of the most important ones being the Roman city of Acinipo or the Old Ronda.
An important historic period for Ronda was the Islamic one. The city was conquered by the Muslims in 713. While under occupation by the Muslims, it became an important city and it even got to be the capital of the Islamic province of Takrunna. Most of the monuments which are parts of its architectural patrimony were built during this period and helped in the consolidation of the city. We can mention La Mezquita Mayor (The Big Mosque), which is currently Colegiata de Santa María, the Arab baths, the Alcazaba, from which only a few ruins are still standing, and many more.
With the arrival of the Catholic Kings, Ronda´s urban image changed. Squares opened which had not existed before and streets were made wider.
In the eighteenth century, the city was developed significantly. El Puente Nuevo (New Bridge) on the River Tajo and La Plaza de Toros (Bull Square), one of the most beautiful ones in Spain, were built.
We can visit the Palace of Mondragon, which is the current headquarters of the Municipal Museum of Ronda. It is dedicated to the history of the city and it hosts some very beautiful and spectacular gardens. El Palacio del Rey Moro (Palace of the Moorish King), with its gardens which were designed by the French Jean Claude Forestier. Besides, we can´t help visiting the Arab Walls and the Square of the Duchess of Parcet.
Ronda is known for producing excellent wine, which can be tasted in the numerous wine cellars of the city. Its cuisine offers typical dishes such as rabbit cooked in the local way, loin stuffed with pined nuts, fried lamb and stews with pigs’ feet etc. Some of its famous natives of Ronda are the seventeenth-century painter Alonso Vázquez, the philosopher and writer Francisco Giner de los Ríos and others.