Córdoba

Andalusia, Spain

Córdoba is well known for its Fiesta de los Patios and its Caliphate city of Medina Azahara, declared as World Heritage Site. Córdoba is a place whose beauty is reflected in its valuable monuments, such as Medina Azahara, Calleja de las Flores, a picturesque place in the Barrio de la Judería and so many others. Its varied gastronomy offers typical dishes like Salmorejo and Córdoba’s flamenquín.

Córdoba is located in Andalucia, on the Banks of the River Gudalquivir. It has 325,916 inhabitants. Its climate is warm and temperate and its annual average temperature is 17.8ºC. Its historic and cultural legacy is very rich and impressive because it includes various builidings and monuments which are considered as World Heritage sites.

According to the archaeologists, Córdoba was first inhabited in the Paleolithic era. In the course of time and thanks to the commerce of the Phoenicians and Greeks along the River Gudalquivir, these settlements were consolidated. Having been called capital of Ulterior Hispania, it will see the birth of geniuses such as Seneca the philosopher and Lucano, the poet.

During the government of Caesar Augusto, many buildings and monuments such as temples, amphitheaters and even a Roman circus were built. Nevertheless, it was really during the occupation of Granada by the Muslims when the city reached its highest splendor. It was proclaimed capital of Al-Andalus in 756, same year in which the building of the Mosque of Córdoba started. In the tenth century, Córdoba has one of the biggest libraries in the world, with approximately 400,000 books.

Towards the eleventh century, its decadence started, when the caliphate collapsed and it was converted into the Kingdom of Taifa. Córdoba will start growing again during the reign of the Catholic Kings. King Philip the Second desired to promote the flourishing of Córdoba, so he ordered the construction of Caballerizas Reales (Royal Stables), which finally became one of the emblems of the city.

La Juderia, an area where there are many parts of the patrimony of Córdoba, has many streets with pretty shortcuts. It hosts the Mosque-Cathedral which was declared as World Heritage Patrimony in 1984, the Zoco Municipal and the famous Lane of Flowers. In the patios of the old Alcazar, the Festival of the Patios of Córdoba takes place, an event which was declared as World Heritage Patrimony in 2012, that is, the same year in which Medina Azahara was declared World Heritage Patrimony too. Córdoba is also famous for its Holy Week, its Medieval Fair and many other fairs and festivities. Some of its typical dishes are salmorejo, flamenquín of Córdoba, bull´s tail and the typical tapas of the area, among others. It is the native land of the bull-fighter Manuel Benitez, and the painter Julio Romero de Torres.

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