Cádiz is a strategic city with a great heritage, where you can enjoy the visit to its historic centre with its Baroque and Neoclassical Cathedral, the Tavira Tower, the Genovés Park, the Santa Catalina Castle, among others. His carnival and his Holy Week are its most important festivities. It is also the birth place of Paco de Lucía and Camarón de la Isla, who fascinates people all around the world with his flamenco music.
Cádiz is located at the southwestern part of the Iberian Peninsula in Andalucia. It has 118,048 inhabitants and its climate is warm and temperate. Its annual average temperature is 17,9ºC.
Cádiz was founded by the Phoenicians, who gave it the name of Gadir. Its strategic geographic location between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean allowed Cádiz to be dedicated to the commerce.
When Romans conquered Cádiz, they named it Gades. It was during that time when Cádiz grew considerably, but later on the Muslims invaded Spain, staying in it during eight centuries, thus keeping back the progress of the city.
It was during the reign of Alfonso X that Cádiz started to emerge again after its repopulation by the Cantabric tribes. America´s discovery in 1492 was very important in the history of Cádiz, because this is the initial point of commercial relationships with the Indies. In 1812 in Cádiz, the first Spanish constitution, one of the most liberal ones of Europe, was ratified. This historic wealth has left a great patrimony to Cádiz. La Plaza de España is located close to the port where there are also La Casa de las Cuatro Torres (The House of the Four Towers) and the Customs´ Office, which is now Diputacion Provincial, as well as the Monument to honor the Constitution of 1812.
Other places can also be visited, such as the Tavira Tower, from where one can enjoy some spectacular views of the city. The Cathedral of Cádiz, of barroque and neoclassic styles, due to the reforms made throughout the centuries. The Castile of Santa Catalina too, which was built in the seventeenth century and was declared as Site of Cultural Interest in 1985.
El Parque Genoves is another proposal to visit in the city itself. It is surrounded by the walls of the historic city, and is located near the old part of Cádiz.
Among the fairs and festivities of the city, those considered as the best ones are its famous carnival, declared as event of International Tourist Interest, the Holy Week of Cádiz, the Fair of the Patron saint Virgen del Rosario on 7th October. Its varied gastronomy offers a series of typical dishes such as the tuna loin tartar with avocado, marinated dogfish, chicken to the quill and shrimp omelette.
Some of the famous persons born in Cádiz are the flamenco singer Camarón de la Isla, the guitar-player Paco de Lucía and many others.